16 November 2017-Current Affairs

  1. Military ‘coup’  in Zimbabwe
  2. BS-VI fuel in Delhi from 2018 to battle smog
  3. IndiaRAP assessment
  4. The rise of the bots
  5. The Tripura model

  1. Military ‘coup’  in Zimbabwe

  1. BS-VI fuel in Delhi from 2018 to battle smog

  1. IndiaRAP assessment
  • The  India Road Assessment Programme (IndiaRAP) will work with government agencies as well as investors, researchers and NGOs to assess existing highways and promote the use of better design to make roads safer.
  • The ratings are assigned on the basis of the level of safety which is ‘built-in’ to a road for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, bicyclists and pedestrians. Five-star roads are the safest while one-star roads are the least safe.
  • It is being supported by FedEx Express and will be hosted by the Asian Institute of Transport Development
  • Reference
  • http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/highways-to-be-rated-on-safety-features/article20460978.ece

  1. The rise of the bots
  • A bot is a computer programme designed to work automatically. It is mainly used to gather information on the Internet or perform repetitive jobs. Some popular examples of bots are Apple’s Siri, the Google Assistant, Amazon’s Alexa and Microsoft’s Cortana
  • Uses
    • Bots used to gather information are called web crawlers.
    • Automatic interaction using instant messaging, instant relay chat or other web interfaces.
    • Customer care
    • Sales and marketing services.
  • Malicious bots
    • They can gather passwords, log keystrokes, obtain financial information, relay spam, and exploit back doors opened by viruses and worms, among other things.
    • Bots have also come under scrutiny in relation to automated accounts on Twitter and Facebook.
    • Efforts are being made to restrict these bots from spreading misinformation on the respective platforms.
  • Reference

  1. The Tripura model
  • In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Tripura embarked on a path to peace, involving security measures, investment in human development and people’s participation in the implementation of socio-political and economic policy .The human development consequences of peace have been remarkable after a decade.
  • The landmark repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, or AFSPA, in 2015 in the State was a symbol of the success of this policy.
  • Growing literacy
    • Separatist militancy in Tripura was an obstacle to the spread of literacy and schooling.
    • The share of literate persons above the age of seven years rose from 73% to 87% between 2001 and 2011.
    • The infant mortality rate (IMR) in Tripura almost halved between 2005-6 and 2014-15, declining from 51 per thousand live births to 20 per thousand
  • Employment and labour force
    • In the last four years, when per capita Net Domestic Product of India was growing only at around 5% per annum, per capita SDP in Tripura grew at 9 to 10% a year.
    • For the last five to six years, Tripura has ranked first among the States of India with respect to the implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
    • Over the last decade has been a rise in labour force participation and work force participation, particularly among women. This is in marked contrast to India as a whole, where there was a decline in female labour force participation and work force participation over time.
  • Reference