15 November 2017-Current Affairs

  1. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
  2. Geographical Indication (GI) for Rasogolla  and  Mamallapuram stone sculptures
  3. India State Level Disease Burden Report
  4. New Schemes to manage non-communicable diseases in Kerala

  1. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) 
  • The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) aims to provide every rural person with adequate safe water on a sustainable basis,
  • It’s implemented under the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation
  • The Union Cabinet restructured the NRDWP to focus on sustainability of schemes and ensure quality service in rural areas.
  • The States will have to first spend their own money on the implementation of the Central scheme and only then they will be able to avail the second instalment from the Centre. It will be allocated on the basis of performance of the states
  • The Cabinet has allocated Rs. 23,050 crore for NRDWP from 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • Reference

  1. Geographical Indication (GI) for Rasogolla  and  Mamallapuram stone sculptures 
  • Banglar Rasogolla of West Bengal and Mamallapuram stone sculptures of Tamil Nadu were given the  Geographical Indication Tag status
  • The sculptures from Mamallapuram are known to be carved in stone with characteristics of intricate designing chiselled finely, keeping with the spirit of the surrounding Pallava art and architecture. The description includes cave architecture, rock architecture, structural temples, open sculptures, relief sculptures and painting/portrait sculptures.
  • Reference
  • http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-life/rasogolla-hits-sweet-spot-gets-gi-tag/article20446999.ece

  1. India State Level Disease Burden Report
  • A first-of-its kind report, the ‘India State Level Disease Burden’ was prepared under the Disease Burden Initiative, a joint project between the Indian Council of Medical Research, Public Health Foundation of India, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The report’s findings were published in the journal Lancet.
  • Burden of non-communicable diseases
    • It has found that every State in India has a higher burden from non-communicable diseases and injuries than from infectious diseases.
    • The contribution of non-communicable diseases to health loss — fuelled by unhealthy diets, high blood pressure, and blood sugar — has doubled in India over the past two decades.
    • Air pollution and tobacco smoking continue to be major contributors to health loss.
  • Life expectancy 
    • Life expectancy at birth improved significantly during 1990 to 2016 — from 59.7 years and 58.3 years for females and males respectively in 1990 to 70.3 years for females and 66.9 years for males in 2016.But there is a big difference between states
    • The per person burden from many of the leading infectious and non-communicable diseases varies 5-10 times between different States
    • Malnutrition continues to be the single largest risk for health loss in India, which is higher among females and is particularly severe in the empowered action group States and Assam
    • While under-5 mortality was improving in every State, there was a four-fold difference in the rate of improvement among States, which indicated health inequalities.
    • These findings will be useful for
      • planning of State health budgets
      • prioritisation of interventions relevant to each State
      • informing the government’s Health Assurance Mission
      • monitoring of health-related Sustainable Development Goals targets in each State
      • assessing impact of large-scale interventions based on time trends of disease burden
      • forecasting population health under various scenarios in each State
    • Reference
    • http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/burden-of-disease-shifts-to-non-communicable-ailments/article20447076.ece

  1. New Schemes to manage non-communicable diseases in Kerala